Skip to main content


PhD, Organizational Behavior/Leadership: University of Nebraska-Lincoln
MBA, Management Information Systems: University of Colorado-Colorado Springs
BS, Business Finance: University of Colorado- Colorado Springs


Norman, PhD, has held many academic and professional positions and accumulated over 25 years of industry experience before entering academia. His main teaching areas are in management, organizational behavior, and leadership and his research is focused on these areas, specializing in leadership at a distance. He is very focused on experiential learning and engaging students in taking an active role in their life journeys and learning processes/outcomes. 

Curriculum Vitae

Published Work 

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Norman, S.M., Avey, J.B, Larson, M.D., & Hughes, L.W.. Trust in virtual leader-follower relationships. Paper accepted June 18, 2019 at Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management.

Pitichat, T., Reichard, R.J., Kea-Edwards, A., Middleton, E., & Norman, S.M. (2017). Psychological capital for leader development. Journal of Leadership and Organization Studies, 25(1), 47-62.

Gilbreath, B., Norman, S.M., Frew, E.J., Fowler, K.L., & Billington, P. (2016). Helpful tools for managing
the assurance of learning process. Business Education Innovation Journal, 8(1), 111-122.

Norman, S.M., Gardner, D.G., & Pierce, J.L. (2015). Leader Roles, Organization-based Self-esteem, and Employee Outcomes. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 36(3), 253-270.

Larson, M. D., Norman, S.M., Hughes, L.W., & Avey, J.B. (2013). Psychological capital: A new lens for understanding employee fit and attitudes. International Journal of Leadership Studies, 8(1), 28-43.

Zhu, W., Norman, S., Peng, Z., Riggio, R. E. & Sosik, J. (2012). The impact of ethical executive leadership on American public: The mediating role of confidence in executive leadership. Leadership, 8(2), 109-124.”

Hughes, L.W., Gardner, W.L., & Norman, S.M. (2011). Transparency, translucence or opacity? A field investigation of the mediating role of positive emotions in trustful leader-follower relations. Journal of Business & Leadership: Research, Practice, and Teaching, 6, 38-47.

Norman, S.M., Avey, J.B., Nimnicht, J.L., & Graber-Pigeon, N. (2010). The interactive effects of psychological capital and organizational identity on employee organizational citizenship and deviance behaviors. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 17(4), 380-391.

Norman, S.M., Avolio, B.J., & Luthans, F. (2010). The impact of transparency and positivity on trust in leaders and their perceived effectiveness. The Leadership Quarterly, 21(3), 350-364.

Avolio, B., Mhatre, K., Norman, S.M., & Lester, P. (2009). The moderating impact of gender on leadership intervention impact: A 100-year meta-analysis. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 15(4), 325-341.

Hughes, L.W., Avey, J.B., & Norman, S.M. (2008). A study of supportive climate, trust, engagement and organizational commitment. Journal of Business & Leadership: Research, Practice and Teaching, 4(2), 51-59.

Avey, J.B., Hughes, L.W., Norman, S.M., & Luthans, K.W. (2008). Using positivity, transformational leadership, and empowerment to combat employee negativity. Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, 29(2), 110-126.

Luthans, F., Norman, S.M., Avolio, B.J., & Avey, J.B. (2008). The mediating role of psychological capital in the supportive organizational climate-employee performance relationship. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 29(2), 219-238.

Larson, M.D., & Norman, S.M. (2008). Utilizing real-life research projects to build HR skills. Western Journal of Human Resource Management, Fall, 30-34.

Luthans, F., Avolio, B.J., Avey, J.B., & Norman, S.M. (2007). Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, 60, 541-572.

Luthans, F., Norman, S.M., & Jensen, S.M. (2007). The value of psychological capital of immigrant entrepreneurs. International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 1(2), 161-175.

Luthans, F., Avolio, B.J., Avey, J.B., Norman, S.M., & Combs, G. (2006). Psychological capital development: Toward a micro-intervention. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 27(3), 387-393.

Norman, S.M., Luthans, B., & Luthans, K (2005). The proposed contagion effect of hopeful leaders on the resiliency of employees and organizations. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 12(2), 55-64.

Norman, S.M., Zawacki, R.L., & James, L.L. (2002). How to motivate the software industry into increased productivity. Software Business, May.

Norman, S. M. & Zawacki, R.L. (2002). Facilitating transformations in IT: Lessons learned along the journey. Information Systems Management, 19. Article also was reprinted in 2002 by Maisons des Sciences de l’Homme, Le Portail du Reseau, vol. 19, p12.

Norman, S.M. (2002). Getting the most out of your CRM system. Software Business, October.