Statistics is a mathematical science pertaining to the collection, analysis, interpretation or explanation, and presentation of data. Including using data to predict and forecast. It is applicable to a wide variety of academic disciplines, from the natural and social sciences to the humanities, government and business.
Statistics deals with the problem of making inductive inferences in the face of uncertainty. It provides the reasoning and the methods for producing and understanding data. It is learning from data and includes collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpreting results. Statisticians identify patterns in data to understand it and make decisions in business and industry and in biological, physical, psychological, and social sciences. Statisticians provide the methodology for making important advances in medical and other scientific research arenas, and work at various tasks such as market research, opinion polling, survey management, data analysis, designing statistical experiments, and teaching statistical techniques and theories. Resource: American Statistical Society.